Declining vision is an inevitable consequence of aging. This is especially true when talking about the vision flaw presbyopia. Presbyopia is extremely common in patients over the age of forty and is the result of aging. Simply stated, presbyopia is the gradual loss of the eyes’ ability to change their focus to see near objects clearly. As we age, the natural lens of the eye begins to thicken. As the lens thickens, it becomes less flexible. Because of this thickening, the lens of the eye becomes harder. As a result of the hardening and loss of flexibility of the lens, close-up focusing becomes difficult.
Symptoms of Presbyopia
Presbyopia develops slowly over time. Common symptoms of presbyopia include:
- Blurry vision at a normal reading distance
- Headaches or eye fatigue that occurs after reading or completing close work
- A tendency to hold reading materials farther away
Treatment of Presbyopia
For a small few of our Oklahoma City presbyopia patients, the only treatment required is reading glasses. For most patients, eyeglasses with bifocals or progressive addition lenses will be necessary in the treatment of presbyopia. Bifocal and trifocal eyeglasses, as well as bifocal, monovision, and modified monovision contact lenses, may be used in the treatment of presbyopia. Unfortunately, these treatment options all involve the use of eyeglasses or contact lenses. While effective, eyeglasses and contact lenses are often an unattractive option for men and women with presbyopia, especially for those who have never had to wear eyeglasses or contact lenses. An effective alternative to eyeglasses and contact lenses for many patients is monovision LASIK. Many of our Oklahoma City presbyopia patients who have undergone surgery are able to see both near and far distances without the need for eyeglasses and contact lenses.
During monovision LASIK, one eye is corrected for distance vision while the other is corrected for near vision, thereby eliminating the need for reading glasses, eyeglasses, and contact lenses. Some patients find monovision to be difficult to adjust to. Because of this, our eye doctor in Oklahoma City often recommends a patient first try monovision with contact lenses. This allows patients to determine whether they can adjust to monovision before permanently changing their eyes.
Other refractive surgical procedures are available in the treatment of presbyopia, including placement of a lens implant. One such implant is the AcrySof® IQ ReSTOR® IOL.
Another common eye problem experienced by many of our patients is a cataract. As with presbyopia, patients usually develop cataracts after a certain age. Though age is a common factor in the development of cataracts, there are other risk factors such as diabetes, high exposure to light, and smoking. While cataracts can negatively affect your vision, there are treatments available. At Advanced LASIK & Cataract Center in Oklahoma City, AcrySof® IQ ReSTOR® IOLs allow patients the option of correcting both presbyopia and cataracts at the same time. By doing so, most patients will no longer require eyeglasses after surgery.
Contact Advanced LASIK & Cataract Center Today
To learn more about the symptoms and treatment of presbyopia, please contact Advanced LASIK & Cataract Center today.