In [part one of our series on cataracts], we discussed some of the most common symptoms associated with cataracts. Now, it’s time to take a closer look at how cataracts are treated, and how cataract surgery works. Cataract surgery is one of the most widely performed medical procedures in the world, and more than 3 million people in the United States have cataract surgery each year. Since cataracts are very common and modern cataract removal has an excellent success rate, it’s no surprise that cataract surgery is such a commonly performed medical procedure.
Learn more about cataract surgery ahead, with help from the vision health experts at Advanced Laser and Cataract Center Oklahoma.
How It Works: Cataract Surgery and Cataract Removal
Cataracts cause cloudiness in the natural lens inside of your eye, which can lead to severe vision problems and eventually blindness if left untreated. That’s why it’s so important to address cataracts early on in preserving the best quality-of-life one can have. The basics of cataract extraction are fairly simple. During a cataract surgery, your natural, clouded lens is removed, and replaced with a clear intraocular lens (IOL) implant. The customized IOL allows your eye to focus light clearly without causing discomfort, so your eye can resume its functions during daily activities without the interferences of a cataract.
- Outpatient Procedure – Cataract surgery is performed on an outpatient basis, which means that you get to go home on the day of your procedure. After surgery, you’ll spend a bit of time recovering before you’re ready to head home. Just remember to arrange for a ride home, as your eye will need some time to heal before you resume driving.
- IOL Options – Intraocular lens technology is constantly evolving, and there are quite a few proven options to consider depending on your needs. Most IOLs are made of silicone or acrylic material. Your eye doctor will take measurements of your eye during a comprehensive eye exam in order to decide which IOL option is best suited for you.
- Cataract Surgery Steps – Your eye will be numbed prior to the procedure, so there is minimal pain or discomfort. Your IOL is chosen for you by your specialist ahead of time, so the actual cataract surgery is typically brief. Therefore, in most cases, patients don’t have to worry about the need for heavy anesthesia.
- Eye Drops After Cataract Surgery – Your eye doctor will prescribe medicated eye drops for you to use either right before surgery or on the day of surgery. These medications are needed in order to promote the healing process and prevent infection. Applying your eye drops on schedule is key to the recovery process.
- Cataract Surgery Recovery – Recovery after modern cataract surgery is much quicker than it used to be due to advancements in surgical techniques and medications. You will be asked to avoid strenuous physical activity for a few weeks after surgery. Your surgeon will provide a specific timeline for when to resume your routine activities. It’s normal to experience some blurry vision or sensitivity to light in the early days after surgery, as your eyes adjust to your new lenses.
Cataract extraction is an important part of our practice at Advanced Laser and Cataract Center Oklahoma, and we see the benefits of cataract surgery first-hand every day. Cataract surgery is safe, effective, and continues to improve with the latest advances in ophthalmic technologies. If you’ve been diagnosed with cataracts, or have been experiencing visual symptoms of a cataract, call Advanced Laser and Cataract Center Oklahoma today to schedule your cataract evaluation!