8 Risk Factors of Glaucoma: Know the Warning Signs

by: Advanced Laser | April 23, 2016

327062306-2You vision is important to you, and there’s a lot you can do to make sure it lasts for years to come. Educating yourself about risks of certain eye problems is a major help, especially when it comes to glaucoma, a leading cause of severe vision loss.

The team at the Advanced Laser Center in Oklahoma City would like to go over some of the basics warning signs of glaucoma, and then look over eight of the common risk factors of which you should be aware.

Signs and Symptoms of Glaucoma

Some common signs and symptoms of open-angle glaucoma include:

  • Blind spots in central vision (often in both eyes)
  • Blind spots in peripheral vision (often in both eyes)
  • Tunnel vision

Some common signs and symptoms of acute angle-closure glaucoma include:

  • Severe headaches
  • Ocular pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Blurry vision
  • Halos
  • Red eye

Risk Factor #1: A Family History of Glaucoma

Glaucoma tends to run in family based on a whole host of genetic factors. If you have siblings or parents with glaucoma, there is a heightened risk for the condition (particularly for open-angle glaucoma).

Risk Factor #2: Advanced Age

The aging process increases people’s risks for many different health issues, especially ones that affect eye health and vision. Glaucoma risk increases as people reach advanced age, which means people older than 60 face heightened risk.

Risk Factor #3: Race and Ethnicity

Race and ethnic background can also play a role in glaucoma risk. People who are of African, Caribbean, Hispanic, and Asian descent each have increased risk of developing glaucoma at some point in their lives.

Risk Factor #4: The Presence of Certain Medical Conditions

Certain medical conditions may be linked to heightened intraocular pressure. This includes diabetes, migraines, hypertension, and even low blood pressure. These can all increase glaucoma risk.

Risk Factor #5: Previous Eye Injury or Eye Surgery

If you have suffered a serious eye injury, such as blunt trauma to the eye from an auto accident or sports accident, this can result in a greater risk of glaucoma later in life. Similarly, major eye surgeries can increase your glaucoma risk.

Risk Factor #6: Use of Steroids

If you have used corticosteroids for a long period of time, this can increase your risk for glaucoma. This covers corticosteroid eyedrops, creams, pills, and inhalers. Some research says the risk may be up to 40 percent higher for people who’ve used these drugs.

Risk Factor #7: Thin Corneas

The corneas are the thin, transparent frontal portion of the eye that light passes through en route to the retinas. When you have corneas that are especially thin, this can lead to an increased risk of glaucoma.

Risk Factor #8: Nearsightedness and Farsightedness

When someone has high-degree nearsightedness (myopia) or general farsightedness (hyperopia), they tend to experience a greater risk of developing glaucoma later in life.

Contact Advanced Laser Center of Oklahoma

To learn more about treating glaucoma and how our team can help you maintain your vision and prevent further vision loss, be sure to contact our advanced eye care center today. The team at the Advanced Laser Center of Oklahoma will work closely with you to develop sensible eye care solutions.