Non-surgical Glaucoma Treatment: Eye Drops

by: Advanced Laser | August 4, 2016

A patient receiving glaucoma eye drops

Glaucoma is one of the most diabolical of all diseases. At its onset, when it is most treatable, it produces few if any notable symptoms. Then, in its later stages when it does produce symptoms, irreparable damage has usually already occurred to the patient’s optic nerve, affecting his or her vision permanently. Unfortunately, there is no cure for glaucoma, which is why it is one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide.

The disease can, however, be effectively managed through medical treatments, particularly in its earliest stages. The earlier the disease is diagnosed through a comprehensive eye exam, the more likely that a glaucoma sufferer will be able to preserve his or her precious vision. Timely identification of the disease is essential. Through early diagnosis and the use of a conservative treatment such as glaucoma eye drops, the Oklahoma City, OK eye care professionals of Advanced Laser & Cataract Center Oklahoma can help patients with glaucoma maintain optimal eye health for as long as possible.

If you or someone you love has been diagnosed with glaucoma, or if you have not had a glaucoma screening or comprehensive eye exam within the past year, we urge you to schedule an appointment at Advanced Laser & Cataract Center Oklahoma today.

Types of Glaucoma Eye Drops

While there is no cure for glaucoma, eye drops can help to decrease the elevated intraocular pressure associated with the disease. It is this elevated intraocular pressure that causes damage to the optic nerve and eventually leads to loss of vision. The use of eye drops can potentially help to keep intraocular pressure in check for years, postponing the need for more invasive surgery and protecting the patient’s vision.

The most common types of eye drops used in the management of glaucoma include:

  • Prostaglandin analogs: This form of eye drop is used to relax the muscles within the eye, which in turn increases the outflow of intraocular fluid and reduces eye pressure. This is the most common type of eye drop used in the initial treatment of glaucoma and can be highly effective in the early stages of the disease.
  • Beta blockers: Beta blockers are commonly used in conjunction with prostaglandin analogs. These eye drops help to decrease the amount of intraocular fluid produced by the eye, giving the prostaglandin analogs a better opportunity to work.
  • Alpha agonists: This type of eye drop both decreases the production of intraocular fluid by the eye and promotes its outflow.
  • Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors: These eye drops, like beta blockers, are used to decrease the amount of intraocular fluid produced by the eye.
  • Cholinergic: Cholinergic eye drops work to increase the outflow of intraocular fluid and are used in conjunction with eye drops that limit the amount of fluid produced by the eye.

Learn More about Glaucoma Eye Drops

If you would like to learn more about glaucoma eye drops, or if you want to schedule a glaucoma screening for yourself or a loved one, please contact Advanced Laser & Cataract Center Oklahoma today.