Myopia Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

by: Advanced Laser | March 6, 2013

Oklahoma City Nearsightedness TreatmentsMyopia is often diagnosed in childhood. Symptoms of myopia include headaches caused by eye strain and blurry vision when looking at distant objects. Children with myopia may squint to see clearly, blink excessively, sit closely to the television, hold books closely, be unaware of objects in the distance, and rub their eyes frequently.

Myopia Causes

Myopia is a type of refractive error. The cause of myopia is the cornea being curved too much or an eye is longer than normal. Instead of light being focused precisely on the retina, in the myopic eye, light is focused in front of the retina. This causes distant objects to appear blurry.

Myopia Treatments: Eyeglasses and Contact Lenses

The most common treatment for myopia is eyeglasses or contact lenses. With the many styles and varieties of eyeglasses available today, patients can see clearly while still remaining fashionable. Contact lenses are an effective alternative for patients who desire to see clearly without having to wear eyeglasses.

Myopia Treatments: Traditional LASIK

For our patients in Oklahoma City, LASIK can provide freedom from eyeglasses and contact lenses. LASIK is among the most popular treatment for refractive errors today. The goal of LASIK is to reshape the cornea with an excimer laser in order to correct the visual errors of myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. Through LASIK, millions of people have been able to achieve 20/20 or better vision and completely eliminate their need for eyeglasses and contact lenses. If you are affected by myopia and wish to see clearly without having to rely on contact lenses or eyeglasses, you may be a candidate for LASIK. In order to be an ideal candidate for traditional LASIK, patients must:

  • Be in good health
  • Have stable vision for at least one year
  • Be over the age of 18
  • Be free from any eye infections or eye diseases
  • Have corneas that are not too thin
  • Have corneas that are not too weak
  • Have pupils that are not too large
  • Be affected by myopia, hyperopia, or astigmatism
  • Have realistic expectations: while many patients will achieve complete freedom from their eyeglasses and contact lenses, not all will

Myopia Treatments: Bladeless LASIK

While many patients will qualify for traditional LASIK, not all will. Oklahoma City nearsightedness patients who are not ideal candidates for traditional LASIK may qualify for bladeless LASIK. As alternative to traditional LASIK, bladeless LASIK uses the revolutionary IntraLase® laser to create the corneal flap with extraordinary precision. One of the greatest advantages of bladeless LASIK is that the risk of flap irregularities is significantly reduced. The revolutionary IntraLase® laser is guided by a detailed computer analysis of your eye to ensure the corneal flap is neither too shallow nor too deep and that the edges of the flap are as smooth and straight as possible. Bladeless LASIK is a virtually painless procedure. Oklahoma City bladeless LASIK candidates may include those:

  • Who are not ideal candidates for traditional LASIK surgery
  • Who are free of eye infections, eye diseases, or injuries to the eyes
  • Who are in good health
  • Who are over the age of 18
  • Who have eye prescriptions that have remained stable for at least 12 months
  • Who have thin corneal tissue
  • Who have thick corneal tissue

Learn More about the Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments of Myopia

To learn more about myopia, please contact Advanced Laser & Cataract Center Oklahoma today.