LASIK Flap Complications – Causes, Prevention, and Treatment

by: Advanced Laser | April 20, 2014

Oklahoma City LASIK Flap ComplicationsLASIK stands for laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis, and is a surgical procedure that has helped many patients permanently improve their eyesight by correcting a multitude of vision problems. As a highly-experienced eye doctor, Dr. Belardo utilizes the latest technology and eye care techniques to ensure quality results with minimal discomfort. Because of the nature of LASIK surgery, which involves creating a thin flap in the eye’s cornea, some issues may arise with older versions of the procedure. At our Oklahoma City eye care center, we take the utmost precautions to avoid common LASIK flap complications, such as employing the state-of-the-art IntraLase® system for optimal precision, safety, and comfort.

Common Lasik Flap Issues

LASIK surgery is the most popular type of refractive eye surgery, and describes changing the shape of the cornea – the transparent, dome-shaped tissue at the front of your eye. The process involves creating a flap to expose the deeper corneal layers, allowing the laser to reshape the tissues to refract light rays more precisely onto the retina. As with any surgery, certain risks are associated with LASIK, and complications with the LASIK flap may include;

  • Flap problems – the creation of a corneal flap can expose your eye to infection, inflammation, and other issues that can complicate your healing process. If flap complications occur, then your doctor may have to replace the flap and allow it to heal before attempting surgery again.
  • Undercorrection – not enough tissue is removed, resulting in less-than-perfectly-clear vision and often requiring additional refractive surgery in the near-future.
  • Overcorrection – too much tissue is removed, which can prove more difficult to correct than an undercorrection.
  • Uneven correction – uneven tissue removal can lead to astigmatism, and you may need contacts, corrective lenses, or additional eye surgery to restore and improve your vision.
  • Unusually dry eyes – LASIK surgery can temporarily decrease your tear production, and Dr. Belardo will likely recommend special eye drops to keep your eyes moist. Dryness can persist for up to six months following your surgery, and it might blur your vision when severe.

Immediately following your surgery, your eyes and corneas will be especially sensitive. Refrain from rubbing your eyes for several weeks to avoid interfering with the healing process. You can minimize irritation by using your prescribed eye drops as directed, and you can avoid complications during healing by following all of Dr. Belardo’s post-op instructions carefully.

Increased Risks for LASIK Flap Complications

Certain preexisting conditions can influence the success of your LASIK flap surgery and increase your risk of complications during or after the procedure, such as;

  • Autoimmune disorders, like rheumatoid arthritis
  • Chronically dry eyes
  • Hormonal changes or medications that affect your vision’s clarity
  • Unusually large pupils
  • Especially thin corneas

Schedule Your Lasik Consultation Today

If you have questions about the risks and benefits of LASIK surgery, we would be happy to explain the procedure and help you determine if you are a good candidate. We encourage everyone to contact us and schedule a consultation to discuss your condition and all of your options for treating and improving your eyesight.